The IBWFF & Black Laurel Films Trademark
The title International Black Women’s Film Festival and the initials “IBWFF” are unregistered trademarks of the International Black Women’s Film Festival and are represented by the initials ™ or “unregistered trademark.”
All logo images representing the International Black Women’s Film Festival, the Black Laurel, Black Laurel Films, or Black Laurel Film Festival and the initials “IBWFF”, “BLF” or “BLFF” in relation to said entities, are trademarks of the International Black Women’s Film Festival (“IBWFF”) and the Black Laurel (“BLFF” or “BLF”). The IBWFF and BLF hold all rights to logo images representing said entities. You may not use the logo or name title without the expressed written permission of the IBWFF or BLF. Usage is allowed for interviews of entity representatives. All other usage requires written permission from the founder and director of both entities, or legal representatives of said entities.
Black Laurel Films
The new logo is a simplified letter “b” that is also a stylized movie reel. The logo can appear alone and with the title Black Laurel Films.
Black Laurel Films’ founder Adrienne M. Anderson retains all copyrights to the original International Black Women’s Film Festival logo which was designed by her, and no modification to the original logo may be used for other festivals, companies, or organizations.
A Word About Trademarks
An unregistered trademark, commonly abbreviated as TM and visualized by the trademark symbol ™, is a trademark which does not benefit from the protection afforded to trade marks through registration. They may however benefit from protection due to other features of the law in relation to trademarks, such as protection for unregistered marks in the United Kingdom resulting from Passing off law. In the United States, neither federal nor state registration is required to obtain rights in a trademark. An unregistered mark may still receive common law trademark rights. Those rights, for example, may extend to its area of influence—usually delineated by geography. As such, multiple parties may simultaneously use a mark throughout the country or even state. An unregistered mark may also be protected under the federal “Lanham Act” (15 USC § 1125) prohibition against commercial misrepresentation of source or origins of goods. Unregistered marks are also protect-able in the United States under Lanham Act §43(a). –The Lanham Act (http://www.bitlaw.com/source/15usc/)